Sharing files and folders with Samba – Definitive Guide

Sharing files and folders with Samba – Definitive Guide

SAMBA FILE SHARING HOWTO FOR ANTERGOS (and not only!)

by Flavio Antonini - 2016 - last update: june 11 2016
  • ~ edited by joekamprad (january 2018)
  • ~ edited by joekamprad | formatting shorten and expand | (march 2018)
  • ~ Note: In samba 4.8.0-1, the units were renamed from smbd.service e nmbd.service to smb.service e nmb.service.
  • ~ last edited by joekamprad (change yaourt to yay)

Installation:

Install samba and needed apps: sudo pacman -S samba nautilus-share gnome-user-share gvfs-smb stop the samba smb nmb services... sudo systemctl stop samba smb nmb  

Configuration:

verify if smb.conf file exist... ls /etc/samba if not then copy the file examples/smb.conf from https://git.samba.org to smb.conf (this fix also sharing printer troubleshooting)... Just take this content. https://git.samba.org/samba.git/?p=samba.git;a=blob_plain;f=examples/smb.conf.default;hb=HEAD and place the file in /etc/samba/smb.conf Under GNOME you need to put off sharing personal files like this: switch OFF Sharing Personal Files on Sharing under System Settings... System Settings --> Sharing --> Sharing Personal Files --> OFF create a group sambashare... sudo groupadd -r sambashare create usershare folder... sudo mkdir -p /var/lib/samba/usershare change group of usershare folder... sudo chown root:sambashare /var/lib/samba/usershare change mode w/sticky bit on usershare folder... sudo chmod 1770 /var/lib/samba/usershare verify if your user is in samba DB... sudo pdbedit -L -v if not then add your user to samba (then create new sharing password)... sudo smbpasswd -a <your-user> if you would prefer to use tdbsam rather than smbpasswd: sudo pdbedit -a -u <your-user>   then add you user to sambashare group: sudo gpasswd -a <your-user> sambashare edit smb.conf... sudo gedit /etc/samba/smb.conf Use editor you want instead of gedit nano will be easy to and runs inside terminal. uncomment following line in /etc/samba/smb.conf file under [global] settings section... include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m if you are using tdbsam rather than smbpasswd uncomment the line in /etc/samba/smb.conf file under [global] settings section... passdb backend = tdbsam add following lines at the end of [global] section of smb.conf file then save file and exit gedit...
usershare path = /var/lib/samba/usershare
usershare max shares = 100
usershare allow guests = yes
usershare owner only = yes

Starting:

make sure following services are enabled (to start at boot): sudo systemctl enable samba smb nmb

Firewall:

If you use a firewall (what is recommended!) then you must set a couple of ports to allow the Netbios service (nmbd) to reach your PC. Check if you have gufw installed... pacman -Qs gufw if not then install it... sudo pacman -S gufw then enable it... sudo systemctl enable gufw Now you must enable the firewall following ports related to nmbd service: 137/udp to everyone 138/udp to everyone and following ports related to smbd service: 139/tcp to everyone 445/tcp to everyone For firewall settings and troubleshooting see internet documentations: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Gufw (except for installation instructions that concern to ubuntu!!). Now reboot system...

For Gnome:

then, when your system is ready, try to open nautilus (Files) choose a folder to share, right click on it, then choose Properties --> Sharing and check Sharing this folder... now - for test - view network resource in nautilus, click on icon with your PC name, click on it, then click on shared folder and enter the sharing password previously set... ...and joy

For XFCE:

For XFCE use thunar and make sure you have package: thunar-shares-plugin installed... As we figure out here it works for XFCE: https://forum.antergos.com/topic/9082/xfce-samba-does-not-work-and-needs-too-much-configuration

System Config Samba:

  • The Samba configuration tool by Red Hat
is also working onto ARCH and Antergos: https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/system-config-samba/ Build and install from AUR: yay -S system-config-samba Get config aviable: https://git.samba.org/samba.git/?p=samba.git;a=blob_plain;f=examples/smb.conf.default;hb=HEAD copy from the webside and paste inside the file: sudo nano /etc/samba.conf save with [Ctrl+X] then start and enable (to get it started automatic on bootup)
sudo systemctl start samba smb nmb

sudo systemctl enable samba smb nmb
Now you can use system-config-samba!
 

Notes:

1) Sometimes sharing is not immediately, and take some time to work after boot. 2) If you uncheck "Sharing this folder", then you must click on unmount symbol on nautilus tree to uncouple sharing.

Contributors:

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